A novel approach for habitat classification, mapping and monitoring by supervised machine learning modelling (SMLM)

In the light of the “Biological Diversity” concept, habitats are cardinal pieces for biodiversity quantitative estimation at a local and ...
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Cannabis Essential Oil: A Preliminary Study for the Evaluation of the Brain Effects

We examined the effects of essential oil from legal (THC <0.2% w/v) hemp variety on the nervous system in 5 ...
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Development, characterization, and clinical investigation of a new topical emulsion system containing a Castanea sativa spiny burs active extract

The Mediterranean sea offers a rich heritage of plants for health; an interesting example is Castanea sativa, which phytocomplex from ...
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Halimium halimifolium: From the Chemical and Functional Characterization to a Nutraceutical Ingredient Design

Halimium halimifolium (Hh) is a shrub used in Algerian folk medicine to treat gastrointestinal pain. An UHPLC-PDA-ESI/MSn method was developed ...
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How to wear a Forest. The Intangible Cultural Heritage of healing biospheres in Camaldoli (IT), Lapland (FI), Chaparri (PE) and Mayantuyacu (PE)

The World Natural Heritage of forests includes almost a third of the whole UNESCO properties, including primary territories, Reserves of ...
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L’arte di fare belli i capelli ieri e oggi

In questo articolo vengono riportate e commentate alcune ricette di shampoo e coloranti per capelli contenute nel "De Ornatu Mulierum" ...
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Non-linear Dynamics and Chaotic Trajectories in Brain-Mind Visual Experiences during Dreams, Meditation, and Non-Ordinary Brain Activity States

The present report discusses brain visual experiences in conditions of low degree of openness of the brain toward the environment, ...
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Onion Peel: Turning a Food Waste into a Resource. La pelle di cipolla: una risorsa o uno scarto?

Onion (Allium cepa) waste consisting mainly of onion skin is rich in bioactive phenolic compounds. The flavonoid profiles and biological ...
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Study on ajuga reptans extract: A natural antioxidant in microencapsulated powder form as an active ingredient for nutraceutical or pharmaceutical purposes

The administration of natural antioxidants is considered to be a prevention strategy for chronic diseases and a useful tool for ...
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The ancient Chinese medical literature revealed an enormous wealth of ideas on hair disease pathogenesis and the formulas for its treatment.

With the kidney association in mind, over 400 Chinese medical books were investigated to collect the materia medica and formulas ...
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The medieval skincare routine according to the formulations of Madgistra Trotula and the Medical School of Salerno and its reflection on cosmetology of the third millennium

The aim of this work was to make a critical comparison between medieval and modern dermo-cosmetics analyzing the works of Trotula de Ruggiero, a female doctor of the 11th-century teaching and working inside the illustrious “Medical School of Salerno,” who devoted particular attention to the promotion of female care, beauty, and well-being. We applied the historical-critical method analyzing the Latin text and the English translation of the standardized corpus of the main Trotula medieval manuscript De Ornatu Mulierum with a multidisciplinary scientific approach ranging from botany to pharmaceutical chemistry and technology, pharmacology and pathology. We identified the medicinal plants, derivatives of animal origin and minerals used in the recipes of Trotula, highlighting their biological properties in the light of current scientific knowledge. A critical comparison between medieval and modern dermo-cosmetics is reported, considering the chemical, pharmaceutical, and technological literature. Beyond the obvious changes in the paradigms of cosmetology and the different beauty canons of the Middle Age with respect to modern times, our results emphasize the attention of Trotula to female care, beauty and well-being, and the extraordinary combination of tradition and modernity in her work.

Authors : Pisanti, S., Mencherini, T., Esposito, T., D’Amato, V., Re, T., Bifulco, M., & Aquino, R. P.
Article: The medieval skincare routine according to the formulations of Madgistra Trotula and the Medical School of Salerno and its reflection on cosmetology of the third millennium. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology. 2022.

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